Technical Details for Digital ID Innovation Challenge

The Challenge Owners – WFP & UNDP

The Big Question – How can we obtain an accredited and verifiable digital ID that enables displaced people to more easily gain access to livelihoods, including opportunities at a distance, through digital connections (be it a task or starting a business or accessing enabling services, etc)?

Digital ID

While ID is most strongly associated with identification (e.g., passport), the concept of identity is much broader and includes the various personas and attributes that constitute the totality of a person’s being. Furthermore, there are foundational components of identity (e.g., date of birth) and functional components (e.g., lactating mother). While foundational components remain one of the most important (and useful) constituents of identity, they are also the most sensitive, especially in refugee contexts. However, much of the daily use of ID revolves around proving one’s credential to obtain a product or service. For example, a refugee may wish to prove that she is entitled to food entitlements or that her son needs polio vaccination. For such interactions, the providers do not need access to the name or place of birth of the refugee. All that they need is to know that the person is entitled and to record that the product/service has been provided. Accordingly, functional IDs may be an excellent starting point for this initiative. Once the principles and mechanisms are well understood and accepted, the concept can potentially be expanded to include foundational components of ID as well.

The digital ID including records of relevant skills and experiences gained in Turkey could also prove useful should refugees either decide to return voluntarily to their home country or should they migrate to a third country. In that case, an accredited record of such qualifications would ensure refugees can continue to benefit from them.

Request for Proposal – Problem Definition

The first step in tackling this challenge is accurately defining the problem that needs to be solved. Digital ID is an expansive and complex topic with numerous stakeholders and various considerations (regulatory and otherwise).

Accordingly, the challenge sponsors invite research and design institutes, universities and colleges, commercial enterprises, associations, as well as individuals to submit a proposal outlining why they are best positioned to lead this component of the challenge.

The entity leading this component would be expected to:

  • Conduct extensive interviews with a representative sample of the refugee (and other relevant) populations to understand the challenges they face under the broad definition of identity, in Turkey and elsewhere.
  • Liaise extensively with all key stakeholders to map out in detail the interaction of various sources of ID information in Turkey, including who issues them, who controls them, and who has access to them.
  • Survey the landscape to document existing and developing ID solutions in Turkey for Turkish citizens and refugees.
  • Conduct a scoping exercise to understand what initiatives exist in other countries which could be used as models for local work.
  • Work closely with relevant official entities to understand the regulatory environment in Turkey as it relates to identity information.
  • Based on the above, formulate the components of digital ID, which are amenable to the digital ID challenge described in this document.
  • Be able to describe the problem statements in a manner that is easily translatable to the scope of work for the solutions provider (see next section).

Interested applicant should include in their proposal relevant experience and expertise, including examples of similar projects previously completed, that would assist the decision makers during the selection process.

Applicants are expected to submit proposals for both the problem definition and solution provision components of the challenge. However, the proposals must be separate and focused on the component being responded to.

Request for Proposal – Solution Provision

Once the problem statement and the requirements are clearly defined based on the previous section, the technical solution must be put in place to evaluate to what extent the solution meets the challenges. Accordingly, the challenge sponsors invite research and design institutes, universities and colleges, commercial enterprises, associations, as well as individuals to submit a proposal outlining why they are best positioned to lead this component of the challenge.

The entity leading this component would be expected to:

  • Explain in detail how their solution provides for data protection/privacy.
  • Explain in detail how their solution allows for precise control over what information is shared with whom for how long with a full audit trail.
  • Explain in detail how their solution guarantees data providers that their data is used for the purpose(s) and duration they authorized.
  • Explain in detail how their solution adheres to international standards set for digital IDs.
  • Explain in detail how their solution is portable and interoperable.
  • Explain in detail how their solution would work under low-tech conditions for the end users.
  • Explain in detail how their solution can interface with biometrics.

Interested applicant should include in their proposal relevant experience and expertise, including examples of ID projects currently in production (including source code), that would assist the decision makers during the selection process.

Applicants are expected to submit proposals for both the problem definition and solution provision components of the challenge. However, the proposals must be separate and focused on the component being responded to.

Technical Details for Toilet Innovation Challenge

The Challenge Owners – Eczacibasi Vitra and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

The Big Question – How can we design, build and manage toilets to enable vulnerable individuals, especially women and children, have access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene?

1. Participants

1.1 Research and design institutes, universities and colleges, commercial enterprises, associations, as well as individuals who are interested in designing toilet systems with integrated treatment solutions.

1.2 All proposals should be systematic technology and service solutions at professional levels.

2. Contents of the plans

All proposals should meet the actual needs of displaced persons and agriculture workers in Turkey, paying particular attention to the needs of women and girls. The contents are divided into compulsory requirements and optional contents which, when achieved, will be awarded by bonus points.

2.1 Compulsory requirements:

2.1.1 Solutions that meet the effluent requirements of ISO 30500, “Non-sewered sanitation systems – Prefabricated integrated treatment units – General safety and performance requirements for design and testing

2.1.2 Solutions for areas without sewer systems

2.1.3 Solutions for safe treatment of excrement and other waste

2.1.4 Solutions usable by all persons, particularly the women and girls

2.1.5 Solutions must be service and maintenance free (for 6 months)

2.2 Optional recommended objectives:

2.2.1 Solutions that meet additional requirements and objectives of ISO 30500

2.2.2 Solutions for areas short of or without water

2.2.3 Solutions for conditions without power supply

2.2.4 Solutions for subzero temperature during winter or high-altitude climate

2.2.5 Power-saving and water-saving solutions

2.2.6 Business operation plan

3. Requirement of the proposals

3.1 Toilets for displaced persons refer to the individual and shared washrooms used by displaced persons under temporary protection under Turkish Law.

3.2 Toilets for agriculture workers refer to the individual and shared washrooms used by workers living in agriculture workers camps.

3.3 The proposals should be in compliance with the relevant Turkish national sanitation requirements.

3.4 The proposals should be people-oriented and comply with the principles of “simple, economical, practical, easy to manage, and ecological.”

3.5 They should have a pleasant look and make appropriate use of space.

3.6 They should also be user-friendly, safe, clean, reliable, convenient, green, ecological, economical and sustainable, and require minimal actions and costs in maintenance.

3.7 Each technology solution should provide cost analysis, which includes: manufacturing/construction cost as well as operation and maintenance costs.

3.8 Cost should be calculated as the total cost per person per day over the 10 year life of the toilet system.

3.9 Proposals with the following features will receive preference.

3.9.1 Solutions with operation experiences

3.9.2 Accommodate to the features of climate and environment

3.9.3 Adapt to changes in different seasons and changing usage patterns.

3.9.4 Total cost is less that 0.05 USD per person per day

4. Format and relevant issues

4.1 Submit the general drawings, design sketch and detailed drawings.

4.2 Submit the site photos and videos of the completed public toilets.

4.3 Submit written illustration of the design and the maintenance.

4.4 Submit the general drawings and tests of innovation technologies and ideas being proposed (reliability; safety; industry certification for the key components; laboratory test results on quality of biosolids; effluents; or any by-products).

4.5 Technologies and intellectual property rights regarding the relevant enterprises, companies and individuals will be kept confidential by the organizers.